Sunday, December 24, 2017

Credonia Mwerinde of Uganda, “The Programmer”: The World’s Worst Female Serial Killer?

Credonia Mwerinde of Uganda, “The Programmer”: The World’s Worst Female Serial Killer?

By Robert St. Estephe (2,647 words)


The raging inferno that snuffed out the lives of hundreds of people locked into a church building that took place in Kunungu, in south-west Uganda, on March 17, 2000, was first thought to be a mass suicide – of the type seen some two decades earlier in the Jim Jones cult that took the lives of more than 900 cult followers in 1978, in Guyana –  but soon it was learned that it was but the final in a series of mass murders.

By any reckoning the Ugandan cult leader Credonia Mwerinde is one of the most heinous serial killers who ever lived and killed. Sister Credonia stands apart from the rest of known habitual murderers for having for having been both a one-at-a-time serial killer as well as a serial mass-murderer. She is suspected of having committed four individual murders – of four family members and one stranger – before organizing the slaughter of 1,182 followers of her cult, the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, located in the town of Kunungu, a trading center at the south-western tip of the nation, close to the border with Rwanda.

Credonia was beautiful and had the ability to exert her will on others. One would not call her charismatic, however; her power would be better characterized as domineering.

To those who know her well, her religiosity is but a posture. According to Eric Mazima, Credonia’s sixth husband. “The only thing that made Credonia really happy was making money.” The couple owned a bar called the Kunungu Independent in the town of Kunungu selling lubisi (banana beer) and a local hard liquor. It was there that a customer is suspected to have been murdered. She seduced him and while he slept Credonia murdered him and took his money. The next day Credonia was observed by customers entering the bar in the process of scrubbing blood from the floor the very same day the victim disappeared. It was only after the business went bankrupt that Credonia, who customarily visited church but once a year, found religion.

Father Paul Ikazire, a Catholic priest who joined the cult that bartender Credonia would go on to lead as its “Programmer,” yet left after the Church declared the sect heretical echoed Mazima’s view: “I perceived her as a trickster, obsessed with the desire to grab other people’s property, but she never sold hers.”

The string of grisly horrors that came to light only after on March 17, 2000 the “Ark” of the sect had been torched, fueled by gasoline, incinerating the 738 inhabitants who had been locked in, windows nailed shut into the death trap, has led to intense scrutiny of the beliefs and customs of the Millenialist doomsday cult that led to the tragedy. It also instigated searches of the grounds associated with the sect and its leaders. Within six days the first of several mass graves in which bodies of strangled, mutilated and poisoned followers were discovered. Four different sites produced remains of victims counting 153, 155, 81 and 55.

The scale of these crimes is enormous; their discovery shocked the world. Yet the woman who was the perverse sect’s decision maker was not, in her position as “Programmer,” exhibiting any behaviors that were new to her. At the time of her disappearance on the day of the conflagration (it is suspected she fled across the border, stolen money in hand) Credonia was about 48 year old. Yet decades earlier her penchant for arson made itself known when she sought revenge on a man who had spurned her love by setting fire to his household belongings. Her parents had her committed for psychiatric treatment. When recruiting members for the Movement she punished a relative for refusing to join by gathering her followers and visiting the man’s banana plantation, destroying it by setting it afire. Credonia’s violent crimes – the arson, the bar murder, the suspected poison murders of her kin – did not become public knowledge however until after her name became known to the world on that day of horror in March of 2000.

Credonia, in her later role as a prophetess, claimed to be a reformed prostitute, yet locals say though she had been quite promiscuous she is not known to have ever charged money for her sexual favors. Yet she could combine her greed, her sexual appetite and her predilection for cold-blooded violence into an opportunistic recipe to get all that she wanted. As barmaid she had seduced and afterwards murdered a passing motorist who had visited the banana beer bar she operated with her husband and stole the cash he had been carrying. She was observed by locals scrubbing the blood from the establishment's floor. Credonia was a heartless predator who displayed sociopathic tendencies long before she found a way to lure and exploit victims by the wholesale.

Police, after looking into the Programmer’s past following the March 17 holocaust, learned that three of her older brothers, heirs to the property which would later become the site of the sect’s compound, had died in succession under suspicious circumstances. It is thought Credonia poisoned them all in other to, once all who stood in the way of her ability to gain the inheritance, gain the family property to gain a home for her growing cult.

Credonia Mwerinde was a flamboyant and exceptionally commanding charlatan. Yet it would be presumptive to argue that Credonia did not partake in some aspects of the superstitious imagination she so successfully promoted to others. In the years before the Movement she was to inspire had come into existence she was a leading member of a Catholic offshoot sect centered on devotion to the Holy Virgin Mary before she found the opportunity to set the stage for a large scale religious movement.

Her great opportunity came when she and two other leaders of the Mary sect – a sister, Angela Mugisha and Ursula Komuhangi – visited the Catholic worship given by Joseph Kibwetere, “a Roman Catholic known among many Ugandans for his piety, prayer and good works,” in Rwashamaire and after the service, Credonia told of her vision at the celebrated Nyabugoto rock which on which the Virgin Mary Stone (“Eibaare Rya Bikira Maria”) in which the Virgin appeared to her and gave her commanded that the three women to announce to Kibwetere that he had been anointed to take them in and assist them in spreading the word of God. So goes one account of that fateful meeting. Another has Kibwetere meeting Credonia in Nyamitamga where he and his wife “had gone to testify about her visions of the Virgin Mary.”

Joseph Kibwetere did indeed take the women in and the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God was born and was cultivated on the pious and generous man’s estate at Rwashamaire. Devotees of the sect were to countermand the immorality that had overtaken the people by teaching new doctrines that would bring about conformity with the Ten Commandments given to Moses. For inhabitants of the failed state of Uganda, of the region most affected by the recent civil war, still affected by the reign of terror and economic ravishment of the mad dictator Idi Amin. The Movement promised, as its literature tells, to be a new “Noah’s Ark, a ship of righteousness in a sea of depravity.”

The well-respected Kibwetere, former politician and philanthropist was treated as leader yet he was little more than a token the male figurehead, Credonia was the actual leader and everybody knew it. After all, Sister Credonia had a direct line to the Virgin Mary, receiving instructions and predictions directly from Heaven through a mystical telephone system that communicated through plates and bowls and other household objects. She called the messages she got “programs from the Virgin Mary.”

The Movement soon attracted a bona fide Catholic theologian with a masters from an American university. He was to author a an impressive looking tract outlining the sect’s doctrine as revealed to the prophetess. The booklet which went through three editions from 1991 to 1996. Its End Times prophecy foretold of “rivers running red” and of sound food turning deadly poisonous. Only the chosen would be saved for a new life.

Yet Credonia sowed discord in the Kibwetere household, turning the mild husband against his wife and flying into rages, often beating her benefactor’s children. Theresa Kibwetere, Joseph’s wife says that “She was always cruel. She was not happy at all. She never smiled, even.” She was distracted and would be disengaged in interactions with others. The excuse was given that her absent-mindedness resulted from her role as conduit for messages from the Holy Mother.

Sister Credonia imposed strict rules forbidding intercourse between spouses, limiting meals to one a day and imposing a restrictive dress code. They slept on the floor, mattresses and beds were not permitted. Even speech was forbidden to the believers, including Joseph Kibwetere himself; they were required to communicate with hand signals or in writing only. She ordered that children be removed from public school and be put under cult control. Credonia coaxed Kibwetere to sell off his assets to pay for the expenses of a growing congregation which came to numbered nearly two hundred souls. Newcomers were forced to turn their belongings over to the cult. Every moment of time was regimented. Meals were meagre. Three days – Monday, Wednesday and Friday – were days of fasting. Medicine and all forms of medical attention were banished. A number of followers died from malnutrition.

The Programmer’s controlling behavior reached great extremes. Once, according to one of Joseph’s daughters, Edith, Sister Credonia “claimed the Virgin Mary had told her all children under five should be killed, and a sacrifice was needed immediately.” Yet the command, it would seem, was afterwards reversed, since that massacre of the innocents never did take place. Or perhaps it was just a tale tailored to frighten a small child.

But her cruelty to children was, if not fatal, atrocious in degree. One of the Kibwetere boys, later reported that Credonia made sixty children make their home in a small 15 by 40 foot backyard shed, with windows nailed shut and only a dirt floor to sleep on. They frequently contracted scabies and were indoctrinated by the Programmer in the code of abstinence. “When I offered them sweets, they refused, making a sign that I was Satan,” recalled the Juvenal Mugambwe, son of Kibwetere.

Joseph’s wife, Theresa, at first loyal to the three female who brought their vision of the Virgin to her husband, along with other family members began to resist. “We fought to get them out of our house, but these women, Mwerinde and Ursula, claimed they had had a vision that we would poison their food and that we should be beaten. My husband, who had never beaten any of us, began hitting the children. He tried to hit me with a club.” And Credonia herself became increasingly violent. Sometimes the riotous atmosphere resulted in a call to the local police.

By 1992, the Rwashamaire village elders, unimpressed with having a prophetess on intimate terms with the Mother of God in their midst, had become fed up with the troublemakers and demanded that former pillar of the community Joseph Kibwetere move from their area along with the sect he headed. The elders got their way and the Movement was relocated to the Kanungu District, on an estate Credonia Mwerinde’s father owned.

Credonia’s prophecies of the End Times became problematic. Believers were told that on a given date the world of sin would come to an end and that the anointed would stay in the Holy World while all others would die. At first, it was prophesied that the world was going to end in 1992, but it didn’t. Excuses were made, many followers left. The same was true for the year 1995. Reactions to the botched prediction were stronger this time around. Some demanded their money be returned. Paul Ikazire, once a Catholic priest but defrocked after joining the cult, left the fold along with 72 followers. It is said that when in 1995 that  the end-of-the-world prophecy again failed to occur in 1995 the Movement’s leaders “circulated a note explaining that Christ had deferred the date to Dec. 31, 1999.” That date too, was to prove to be a disappointment for all who were ready to enter the post-apocalyptic world.

Yet the cult kept on, with followers in numbers fluctuating from a thousand to several thousand. A third edition of the handbook came out in 1996. The Movement was registered as an official NGO with the Ugandan government on December 17, 1997. But this official status brought uncharacteristic scrutiny. In 1998 the government caused one of the Movement’s schools to be shut down for unsanitary conditions and other offenses. It was later allowed to reopen.

It is presumed that the reason that toward the close of 1999 the Movement’s members sold off their remaining possessions – cattle, real estate, even spare clothing – was in preparation for the predicted for an end of the world on December 31, 1999. The group slaughtered cattle and enjoyed a week-long feast preceding the big day – which, once again, turned out to be a false alarm. A new end-of-the-world date was duly announced, exactly one year later. But there was a new twist to the prophecy this time. Before the End, the chosen people, the Movement’s members, were to be raptured well in advance of the final day. They were to be raptured on March 17, 2000, when the Virgin would visit her faithful and take them with her up to Heaven.

The Movement operated at several locations. The code of silence, the strict submission to authority had not only separated the people from the outside world by from other compartments of the cult itself as well. Thus the long series of murders of cult followers at Buhunga, Rugazi, Rushojwa, Buziga, taking 344 lives, that preceded the March 17 burning of the Ark, were successfully conducted without attracting attention. Investigators believe that members’ discontent with the failed prophecy prompted apostasy and demands for return of possessions that had been turned over to the prophetically unreliable cult, and that expressing their discontent became, under the rule of the cold-blooded Programmer Sister Credonia, their death sentence.

Nobody knows the facts surrounding the mass murders that began sometime in February, 2000. Some of the victims died from fast-acting poison, other had been bludgeoned, their skulls crushed. Some had been doused with sulphuric acid, speeding decomposition.

Just who executed the murders preceding the Ark inferno of March 17, and who performed the work of digging the graves and stacking the bodies is unknown, but all who have an intimate knowledge of the Movement agree that the killings were executed under the command of Sister Credonia.

Those who were not killed, the still faithful, prepared for the prophesied visitation and transport. On March 16 they celebrated, with 70 crates of Coca-Cola and a beef barbecue. That evening visited the police station in Kanungu and gave them the deed to the cult’s land. His behavior was odd. He spoke incoherently, employing the cult’s customary language sign language yet managed to get the message across that “something was about to happen.”

At 7:30 AM on March 17 a cult member was spotted near the Ark carrying a hammer and nails. At 10:15 AM a farmer working his field near the property that contained the Ark, heard a”whoosh” of raging fire; he saw smoke and flames rising from the roof and screams for help.

All bodies were burnt to a crisp, the intense heat even caused some of the skulls to explode. So it is no surprise that it was impossible to determine whether either Joseph Kibwetere or Sister Credonia were among the dead. Some witnesses claim they saw Credonia after the fire yet doubts persist.


At least 1,186 by Credonia Mwerinde murders known (so far):

Pre-cult murders:

3 older brothers – murdered at different times
Motorist murdered in Credonia’s bar

Pre April 17, 2000 cult murders, by locations of mass graves:

Buhunga – 153 murdered
Rugazi – 155 murdered
Rushojwa – 81 murdered
Buziga near Kampala – 55 murdered

April 17, 2000 Kanungu massacre – 738 murdered

Excellent scholarly source: [Jean-François Mayer, “’There Will Follow a New Generation and a New Earth’: From Apolyptic Hopes to Destruction in the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of  God,” Part II, essay 9; in James R. Lewis, ed.,  Violence and New Religious Movements, 2011, Oxford UP]


1952 – birth of Credonia Mwerinde. Paulo Kashaku, father, also a visionary.
1980 ca. – Vision of Mary by Blandina Buzigye at Nyabugoto Rock (“Eibaare Rya Bikira Maria,” the stone which looks like an image of the Virgin Mary)
1984 – Mr. Kibweteere first announced the Virgin Mary had appeared before him in 1984.
Aug. 24, 1988 – Credonia Mwerinde also had a similar vision in a cavern near Kibweteere’s house in Rwashamaire, Uganda.
1989 – “Despite her craving for money, Credonia went bankrupt with her bar in 1989. At that time, she also broke off with Eric Mazima. Soon after, Credonia converted to Catholicism, and claimed only a few weeks after, that she had had a vision of the Virgin Mary in a cave in the Nyakishenyi mountains.”
1989 – CM and two other members of a Marianist sect visit Joseph Kibwetere at Rwashamaire and following a church service, tell of CM’s vision. “Meeting Joseph Kibwetere for the first time, the three women told him that he had been anointed to help them spread the word of God, that the Virgin Mary had led them to him, a Roman Catholic known among many Ugandans for his piety, prayer and good works.” “The three women – Credonia Mwerinde, Ursula Komuhangi and Angela Mugisha – were already leaders of a Christian cult devoted to the Virgin Mary, who, they said, had instructed him to take them in.”
1989 – formation of Movement at Rwashamaire. The message was preached in Catholic churches.
1989 – soon-to-be excommunicated Rev. Dominic Kataribabo, joined.
1990 - cult is registered as a religious movement with the authorities in 1990; 200 followers, mostly women and children, were already living at the Joseph Kibwetere property.
1991 – First edition of “A Timely Message from Heaven. The End of the Present Time”
1992 – “After the Movement was evicted from Rwashamaire, it moved to an estate Credonia Mwerinde’s father owned in Kanungu District.” “In 1992 the cult and its leader packed up and left for Kanungu.” “After the police in 1992 had, once again, been called in to settle yet another family feud, the elders of the village told Kibwetere that he ought to move and take the cult with him.”
1992 – end of the world prophesied for 1992.
1993 – “In 1993, the cult could finally build its own headquarter, along with a church.”
1994 – Paul Ikazire, defrocked Catholic priest, leaves the cult along with 72 followers.
1995 – end of the world prophesied for 1995. “When the apocalypse again missed its schedule, the cult circulated a note explaining that Christ had deferred the date to Dec. 31, 1999 this year.”
1996 – “When Credonia Mwerinde’s father died in 1996, he was buried next to the mother, and Mwerinde had the now sadly known church built near the family grave site.”
1996 – publication of 3rd edition of Timely Message from Heaven: The End of the Present Times. 3rd ed. Karuhinda, Rukungiri and Rubiziri, Bushenyi (Uganda,) 1996.
Dec. 17, 1997 – Movement registered as NGO with Ugandan government.
1998 – “Movement shut down for unsanitary conditions, use of child labor, and possibly kidnapping children, but the sect was allowed to reopen by the government.” “1998 when government closed down one of its schools for unhygienic conditions”
Dec. 23, 1998 – Movement incorporation authorized by Ugandan government.
Dec. 31, 1999 – Date of the end of the world prophesied.
Feb. (circa) 2000 – mass murders begin. “The poison was given to them at the evening meal. “It was a fast acting poison.” said Barundi, the pathologist.”
Mar. 15, 2000 – Dominic Kataribabo purchases 13 gallons of sulphuric acid.
March 16, 2000 – “The day before the fire, a parcel from Kanungu arrived at the home of Mr. Kibwetere’s family. It contained books and documents from the cult, its certificate of registration, a copy of the 10 commandments of the cult and other items.”
Mar. 16, 2000 – cult members were treated to an unprecedented celebration: 70 crates of Coca-Cola were ordered and a bull slaughtered.
March 17, 2000 – Arson at Kanungu “Ark” of the Movement, killing 738. “It is thought that cult members believed they were finally entering Noah’s Ark to survive the three days of the apocalypse and that the boards were to protect them and keep out the unredeemed.”
Mar. 24, 2000 – Buhunga compound exhumations, 153 corpses.
Mar. 27, 2000 – Rugazi; bodies in field behind Dominic Kataribabo’s house.
Mar. 28, 2000 – Dominic Kataribabo’s field exhumations, 74 bodies exhumed.
Mar. 29, 2000 – D. Kataribabo’s house exhumations, 81 corpses.
Mar. 30, 2000 – Rushowa exhumations, 80 corpses.
Apr. 6, 2000 – police issued arrest warrants for Kataribabo, Joseph Kibwetere, Credonia Mwerinde, and three other cult leaders.


Sunday, March 5, 2017

Breaking the Silence of the Lambs: Female Serial Killers and Collective Amnesia

Title: Breaking the Silence of the Lambs: Female Serial Killers and Collective Amnesia
Author: Richard Stephens
Written for A Voice for Men
Date: March 5, 2017 (1210m); (first draft: Sep. 19, 2015)
Word count: 3,979


This article focuses on female serial killers, yet its real subject is the fear of thinking honestly about violence by women.

1. Monster Love

Scott Bonn is an American PhD criminologist who in 2014 published a book titled Why We Love Serial Killers: The Curious Appeal of the World’s Most Savage Killers. Bonn is a frequent expert commentator on network and cable television and is, according to Emmy-winning TV host and best-selling author, Rita Cosby, “considered one of the world's top experts on criminal behavior.”  His book’s subject is the public’s perennial fascination with this particular type of criminal.

This is how Dr. Bonn announces his topic:

“In many ways, serial killers are for adults what monster movies are for children — that is, scary fun!”

He follows this observation by noting that this it is not simple clean fun, but rather comes at a certain cost, a feeling of guilt:

“Research … reveals that many people who are fascinated with serial killers refer to it as a guilty pleasure,” we learn. [1]

Fair enough.

The fact is, however, that Bonn’s book discusses, almost exclusively, the phenomenon of public fascination with male serial killers. When he does devotes his attention – just a sliver – to the females, though, he gets it all wrong. Reading about and watching movies about male serial killers is “scary fun,” for lots of people. But there is no “love” for the female of the species – no subculture of devotees and collectors devoted to them as there clearly is with the males.

The male serial killer is the perfect monster, society’s archetype of evil. Yet the female of the type is the sort of monster society would rather pretend does not exist (Elizabeth Bathory, “The Blood Countess” and Aileen Wuornos being the two exceptions). [2] Stories of real-life female serial killers simply do not  provide “scary fun” Bonn describes.

The female psychopath is a type of criminal that is, I shall argue, just too scary to wrap our minds around in today’s “politically correct” culture. We have in the West been conditioned by decades of ideological indoctrination that has caused us to avoid so much as thinking clear thoughts about feminine monstrosity, let alone talking freely to one another about this nearly taboo subject. We are in denial. [2A]

2. Guns and Arsenic

In Why We Love Serial Killers, Bonn trots out big impressive-sounding ideas such as “societal notions” and “paternalism” when describing the one and only FSK that a large number of Americans have heard of, Aileen Wuornos:

“Until Wuornos, the mass media almost always depicted a serial perpetrator as a deranged man due to the erroneous and paternalistic societal notion that women could not commit such crimes. Unlike the obscure and rarely discussed Black Widow killers throughout history, Wuornos became a modern-day celebrity monster and popular culture icon because she defied stereotypes and did not kill demurely as a woman ‘should.’” [3]

We learn from another source that “Bonn believes that is a key reason for her fame” is simply that she “murdered with a gun.” [4]

Bonn is bogged down in stereotypes. He is parroting present-day ideologically orthodox notions that are not based in historical fact. The “societal notion that women could not commit such crimes” is a historically recent invention. The notion is a product of false claims of academic propagandists and is reinforced by intrinsic biology-based male chivalry. The truth is that before the 1960s the idea that female serial killers were relatively common was in common knowledge. And while Black Widows make up a large share of the nearly thousand known female serial killer cases, there have been a great many not in that category.

Take a look at the brief time-slot of 1871 to 1873 and you will see eight cases of female serial killers in the US. [5] The public was at that time well aware of that there were plenty of “female fiends” dotting the landscape (along with the male ones).

Take a look at the crop of female serial killers from the year 1925. You will find eight US cases in this year alone. Yet Professor Bonn and the other criminologists who specialize in the study of serial killers are not even aware that most of these historical cases even exist.

The widely published 1925 newspaper illustration just below shows just how aware of female serial killers the public actually was before the current era of forgetting, the era of political correctness taboos.

Della Sorenson, seen on the right, poisoned nine children and adults, killing seven of them. Said Della after her arrest:

“After the death of my little daughter, Minnie, I had a feeling of elation and happiness. Then, after I got to thinking about what I had done, I was afraid and tried to hide it. I had the same feeling after the death of every one of those I poisoned.” [6]

Mrs. Sorenson represents the “typical” Black Widow type, a poisoner of husband, her own children and neighbors. But female killers are exclusively poisoners.

Let’s consider Bonn’s peculiar speculation about Wuornos’ fame deriving from her use of weapon. As far as guns are concerned we can count quite a few FSKs of the “shoot ‘em up variety,” scores of them. [7]

When criticizing serial killer stereotypes in the future, Bonn and his colleagues might want to give a hard stare at the pair of pictures below. First, here’s a still from the movie-version of Aileen Wuornos’ life, the 2003 film Monster, showing actress Charlize Theron playing the “heroine.” [8]

Compare this 2003 film image to the 1924 newspaper illustration of Winona Green (later known as Winnie Ola Freeman), a young woman who was, in the 1920s, already a double murderess, yet to become a full-fledged serial murderess that was to be her destiny decades later. [9]

Nice parallel of depictions, wouldn’t you say? Back in 1924, the “societal notion” was in reality that women could be most definitely be violent monsters. Before the onset of political correctness, there was no fear of frankly depicting and discussing female aggression and violence by women. Our current demureness, the taboo, the various forms of censorship backed by disinformation about violence by women is the product of a mentality that only took hold in the 1970s.

Gun-wielding Winona shot her mother-in-law and father-in-law to death in 1924 and had also plotted to kill her husband. After serving time she went on to, in 1946 and 1953, murder two more men. Winnie was what you might call a really cheeky type of sociopath. Listen to what she had to say for herself in 1924:

“Who ever heard of a woman being electrocuted or hanged in Arkansas?” she demands whenever the death penalty is mentioned to her. Furthermore she is not remorseful. “I’m not sorry for my deeds, she repeats again and again. “I planned both murders, thinking them all out thoroughly in advance. Now that I have admitted everything, I am willing to meet whatever fate awaits me.” [10]

Winnie served some time, escaped, was recaptured, got released, and went on to murder: again and again. She was the type of historical criminal that ideology-bound scholars like Bonn are simply incapable of imagining.

Aileen Wuornos was not, as is commonly averred, a Lesbian Avenger Wonder Woman carrying out the battle against the “patriarchy,” but merely an ordinary bandit. There have been plenty of female serial killer bandits in the past and criminals of this type continue to crop up. [11]

One of the pervasive stereotypes of female serial killers is that poison, a method used by a large share of female serial killers, is a gentler sort of killing method. This assumption is just plain wrong. As Harold Schechter, a leading authority on historical crime, observes: “The truth is that, compared to the lingering agonies suffered by the average poisoning victim, the deaths meted out by male serial killers like Jack the Ripper, Son of Sam, or the Boston Strangler – the swift executions by knife blade, bullet or garotte – seem positively humane.” (The Ripper’s grotesque mutilations were executed upon the corpse, not as acts of torture.). [12]

Beyond guns and poison as methods used by female serial killers we must add hatchets, axes, arson, strangulation, drowning, starvation, battery with blunt objects (hoe, drum sticks, hammer, iron bar) [13]

Let’s take another pictorial stab at Bonn’s assumptions about the past’s demure “societal notions,” a pair of illustrations of  one of the crimes of prolific and wildly savage serial killer Lizzie Halliday (incarcerated from 1893 to her death in 1918). The reproduced artists’ conceptions of Halliday’s final murder date from 1906. [14]

These illustrations of a once internationally known and reviled female serial killer have been utterly forgotten for 109 years. They do not fit the official academic narrative that experts like Bonn were trained to believe and to perpetuate.

3. Collective Amnesia

Wuornos was not only not America’s first female serial killer, but was more like the 275th and she was, according to my current count, the 13th to be executed in this country. [15]

The experts have determined that “female serial killers are rare” (in comparison with their male counterparts). The experts, represented, for example, by 135 participants from 10 countries in the FBI’s 2008 international conference on “Serial Murder,” [16] base their claims on incomplete research (without ever stopping to wonder whether availablre historical research has been even slightly systematic, let alone as complete as can be reasonably managed). [17]

The “official” number of historical US female serial killer cases (up to the last few years) often stated is “62,” and the most commonly cited estimate of the ratio of male to female serial killers is 1:6. In contrast, my own list of US cases from the period 1829-2008 includes 330. [18] We might ask just how rare are these criminals when there are in reality 5 times as many as the experts have reported there are?

The longest published roster of female serial killers (internationally) I have come across totals 140. My own list, based primarily on research in archival newspapers, now numbers over 950. [19]

Why such extreme disparity? What on earth is going on here?

There is bot only an answer but there is even a term to explain the anomaly. Patricia Pearson’s brilliant and hard-hitting book, a 1997 exposé on violence-by-women, When She was Bad: Violent Women and the Myth of Innocence. [20] Pearson makes a crucial and precisely accurate observation regarding the hullabaloo in 1990 over the Wuornos case and the attendant false claim that she was America’s “first female serial killer.” Pearson points out the falsehood of the claim and convincingly explains that this forgetful fantasy was an indication of what she called “collective amnesia.” This is a profoundly important observation.

Bonn’s book, coming eighteen years later than Pearson’s, with its paternalism-blaming explanation of this society-wide unwillingness to face up to the hard facts of the female of the serial killer species – with its blindness toward female aggression, female sadism, physical violence initiated by women (not to mention extreme indirect violence) – is, with its self-censored gaping lacunae, in itself an instance of chivalry-based denial. Bonn’s blindness is the product of a chivalry dipped in feminist dogma, a nanny-monitored, a mommy-supervised, maternalistic condescending nod to the thought police of the specious claims of fashionable “critical gender theory” (Neo-Marxist ideology applied to the relations between the sexes).

Bonn’s Why We Love Serial Killers is a most telling and blatant symptom of today’s collective amnesia.

4. Sexual Violence

The perfect monster is, as we are taught, the violent sex pervert, and is therefore (of course) a male. But the fact is that there have indeed been female serial killers who fit this mold. Jane Toppan [21], the prolific serial killer nurse caught in 1901 got orgasms from lying in the death-bed of her victims embracing them as they expired. Martha Grinder [22], a Pittsburgh serial killer executed in 1866, had a decided necrophiliac streak; she loved to watch the agonies of her dying victims.

A Mexican case from the 1890s, publicized in the US reveals the worst kind of monstrosity, worthy of any male monster. In Mexico City, Guadalupe Martinez de Bejarano lured orphan girls and tortured them. Old newspapers report that, “the girl would be enslaved and subjected to torture with a markedly sexual nature. Guadalupe especially enjoyed forcing the girls to sit naked on a burning brazier; she would strip them and hang them from the ceiling by the wrists and flog them with a cattle whip.” One victim “was made to endure every cruelty and privation which the malignity of ingenious fiend could suggest or inspire. Hunger, exposure, blows, burns, scalds, pin thrusts, cuts and every other atrocity that can be inflicted without causing instant death, was the daily lot of this unfortunate girl.” In the end each victim would be starved to death. [23]

There are other examples of female serial killers experiencing sexual excitation in the act of killing such as the infamous arch-pervert Countess Bathory [24]. Then there’s Anna Zwanziger of Bavaria whose “admitted motive was sheer malevolent pleasure. At her trial in 1828, she confessed that the sight of her victims’ death agonies threw her into a transport of ecstasy.” [25] France’s amazingly prolific Helene Jegado, arrested in 1851 who “appeared to have been actuated by a thirst for destruction, and to have taken pleasure in witnessing the agonies of her victims.” [26] There’s Australia’s Martha Rendell (1909) who got her kicks from killing kids [27], and France’s killer nurse, Antoinette Sierri (1926) and what were called her “orgies” of death [28].

There have been many other habitually lethal ladies of yore who got a very special thrill out of witnessing the death throes of the humans whose lives they took. We can only guess at the specific nature of the pleasure so many other female serial killers on record through the centuries who admitted the delight they felt as they murdered, and murdered and murdered again. Among them are certainly more covert sexual sadists.

In June 2016, Mexican police arrested a 28-year-old Los Zetas cartel assassin named Juana, nicknamed “La Peque Sicaria” (The Little Assassin). She was responsible for multiple beheadings and mutilations of the cartel’s murder victims. News reports described her  as confessing to having become sexually aroused by the mayhem and used the blood of her victims as an erotic stimulant.

“[I felt] excited by it, rubbing myself in it and bathing in it after killing a victim and I even drank it when it was still warm.”

The reports further assert that Juana “insinuated” that she “had sex with the cadavers of those decapitated, using the severed heads as well as the rest of their bodies to pleasure herself.” [28A]

We won’t even go into the human-sacrificing female serial killing cultists (Voodoo, etc.), the baby-eating  kidnappers (yes, real-life ogresses), the sundry other female cannibal serial killers, nor the professional child care providers who burned babies alive. You can look all of them up in the online collections of Occult Female Serial Killers and Real-Life Ogresses. [29]

So much for the female being a kinder, gentler, seldom sex-driven and far-rarer-than-the-male sort of serial killer. But wait, this “collective amnesia” rabbit-hole goes even deeper.

5. Girl Secrets

“I like hurting people,” was the stunning confession made by British girl, barely 11-years-old who murdered two boys in 1968 and had attempted to strangle others only to be interrupted in the act. Mary Bell’s case is famous – as an anomaly. This child was indeed a serial killer despite the fact that her efforts – serial efforts – were in occasion successfully thwarted. [30]

But what if this apparently “unique” case were not unique after all? In fact, my research has turned up over twenty cases of this sort. One involves a pre-teen Irish girl named Mary Maher, who, in 1906 on three separate occasions murdered three sisters, deliberately making each tragedy seem an accident or a “natural death.” After getting away with three killings little Mary then tried to murder a fourth sister, but sensing the grown-ups were finally on to her game and that she was in big trouble, committed suicide – at the age of 11! [31]

Among the other serial killer girls (and would-be serial killer girls) from the United States that turned up in my research on historical female serial killers are these four from the late 1800s:

In 1872 a 16-year-old nurse girl in St. Louis, Missouri, named Martha Whetstone killed four children, including her own sister, in a space of four months. [32] In 1874 Henrietta Weibel of  New York City, 15-years-old (or 13 according to one source) murdered one child and attempted another. Henrietta confessed she was subject to an uncontrollable mania for setting fires and burning babies. [33]

1892 was a bumper year for such cases.

In June 1892 a 6-year old girl in Atoka, Kentucky, whose family name was Bottoms planned the murder of her 18-month-old sister long in advance, succeeded in doing the deed and delighted in the result. After being caught this precocious tyke expressed the burning desire to kill more babies in the future. [34] In July, Ella Holdridge, of Tonawanda, New York, age 14, made a number of attempts to murder other children who were saved by medical intervention, but finally succeeded in killing one. Her motivation was her passion for attending funerals. When a lull in burials had come about, allowing little Ella no opportunities to enjoy her favorite form of amusement, she solved the problem by poisoning other children. with respect to the corpse of the one she did kill, Ella remarked that her victim “made the prettiest corpse ever put under New York soil.” [35] Sometime in 1892 a girl named Annabell, aged 11, of Fairfield County, South Carolina, committed her first murder, killing a baby. Three years later, in June 1895, Annabell murdered and dismembered another. She then tortured a 6-year-old boy in an effort to force him to confess to the crime she had committed. [36]

Thirty years later on, precocious Alsa Thompson, the “Baby Borgia,” in 1925, at the age of seven [yes, that’s 7!], confessed to poisoning eleven persons, starting with her twin baby sisters who died, and a caretaker lady she didn’t like. [37]

The girl’s separated parents had temporarily placed her in a Hollywood, California family, which saw Alsa wielding a razor against her baby sister and the foster family’s daughter. The girl admitted to poisoning two canaries and a cat. She said she had, on various occasions, put ant poison in the coffee and in the pork chops and sulfuric acid in the stewed peaches. Illnesses ensued. The case made headlines nationally. The papers quoted Alsa answering her official questioners – alienists (psychiatrists) and a social worker – who had asked about her motives, replying:

“I like to see them die, that’s all.” [38]

Similar cases of little girls as serial killers, some of them quite prolific have been discovered in in Australia, England, Germany, and France.

For example, In 1894 a 14-year-old nurse girl in Novgorod, Russia, confessed to murdering seventeen babies “because they bothered her, and she disliked the trouble of attending to them.” [39] German Ida Schnell, caught in 1906 at the tender age of 13, serially murdered at least eight babies. I found these forgotten old news reports by doing ambitious systematic keyword-searching of  digital newspaper archives, not by combing through the corpus of professional literature on forensic psychology and criminology.

6. Taboo-Busting

These “killer kid” cases, along with many other cases involving solitary homicides on the part of young girls that my research has uncovered (yet which have been completely overlooked by scholars), need to be no longer ignored by researchers on violence and aggression. There is much work to do on the facts of female agression and the experts need to get onto it, and pronto.

There are lots of myths (founded on specious claims of “gender theory”) to be dispelled.

Even the harshest critics of fashionable post-modernist falsehoods are often in the dark when it comes to the nature of female aggression. Camille Paglia, once famously quipped: "There is no female Mozart because there is no female Jack the Ripper." [40] Yes there is, Camille; and not just one. Far from it.

When Lizzie Halliday was captured in 1893, some writers speculated that since Halliday had traveled to England, she might have been the “Ripper.” [41]

Most people do not realize that “Jack” did not perform his gruesome acts on his living victims, but cut them up after death. Not so with Tamara Samsonova, serial killer, serial dismemberer, captured in St. Petersburg, Russia, on July 27, 2015, who admitted cutting away at her final victim, whom she had drugged, while the elderly woman was still living. [42]

It is an established, well-documented fact that feminist ideologues have deliberately distorted systematically and on a large scale, the academic scholarship on violence between the sexes. Dr. Murray A. Straus, a sociologist who specializes in the study of domestic violence, has identified seven distinct methods of academic and intellectual sabotage and coercive censorship practiced by feminists in academia. [43] Dr. Straus’s exposé on scientific gate-keeping goes far in explaining how our post-1960s collective amnesia concerning to psychology and incidence of violence by women has come about.

Although the bizarre fairy-tale notion that females do not initiate violence (but only act violently in response to male-initiated violence) held by marxian feminist ideologues is long-discredited, yet it still has wide currency today among feminists, both elite and common.

As a result of “this investment in a model of gender-based oppression,” the National Organization of Women and associated “Gender Bias Task Forces” helped create VAWA (the Violence Against Women Act), which was less of a practical response to real crime in real-life situations than it was an effort to construct a violence-free utopia (and a massive bureaucracy providing a huge number of jobs for feminist ideologues), based on the bizarre belief that women are “inherently non-violent.” [44] It has taken decades of coordinated trickery and coordinated and widespread intimidation of academic scholars to accomplish the successful suppression of the fact that domestic violence is characterized by gender symmetry, as Dr. Straus has definitively proven. [45]

News reports keep appearing that give evidence that politically correct theories fail to describe reality. On February 15, 2015, serial killer Elena Lobacheva, aged 25, was captured. This young lady confessed that got an orgasmic thrill out of savagely thrusting her knife, dozens of times, into the twelve men she stabbed to death. [46] There have, it turns out, been many female serial killers who have mutilated their victims, but they are not discussed much. The image of the “monster” in the age of political correctness has to be male.

The facts, when they are exposed, demonstrate that the entire subject of female aggression needs a comprehensive re-evaluation by social scientists – in order to discard the deliberate distortions created by ideologues. This “audit” is needed and it is needed now.

The silence of the lambs must be broken.

Scholars need to stop being cowards, terrified to speak out about the facts that the real-life Orwellian “thought police” of repressive political correctness forbid from being disseminated. My recommendation for the experts on violence and “gender” is to start their effort to initiate crucially necessary reform with an in-depth study and of historical cases of violent female children. They can start with online sources “Serial Killer Girls” and “Youthful Borgias: Girls Who Murder – The Forgotten “Lizzie Bordens.” [47]

Further, Peason’s book, When She Was Bad, will be an indispensable introduction to the basics and the YouTube videos of three major female critics of marxian feminism, Erin Pizzey, Karen Straughan and Janice Fiamengo will serve to debunk most of the dogmas and fallacies of establishment academia. [48]

# # #

* Feature image: detail from title page: Anonymous, Narrative and Confessions of Lucretia P. Cannon (1841), New York. Cannon was America’s earliest known FSK (there is no credible evidence that Lavinia Fisher was a serial killer, despite the legend). The image shows Cannon burning to death a 5-year-old.
[1] Scott Bonn, Why We Love Serial Killers: The Curious Appeal of the World’s Most Savage Killers, New York: 2014, Skyhorse; Quote: Scott A. Bonn Ph.D. “Here’s Why We Love Serial Killers: Examining Our Curious Fascination with “Celebrity Monsters.” Psychology Today, Sep 22, 2014. Promotional information and quotes are found on
[2] Wuornos was celebrated by radical feminists who liked to see her as an avenger ion the “war between the sexes.” Elizabeth Bathory, the early 17th century “Blood Countess”  is the archetypal evil woman, inspiring the name of a Death Metal band, novels, numerous films, plays and other artistic productions.
[2A] Helen Geisen-Volk; image shows exhumation of Agnes Toohey (18 mo.), who died Dec. 15, 1924.
[3] Quote: [Scott A. Bonn Ph.D. “Why Some Women Kill Again and Again. Female killers are rarely driven by sexual sadism like men.” Psychology Today, Jan 12, 2015]
[4] quote from: Julie Beck, “The Grisly, All-American Appeal of Serial Killers, The Atlantic, Oct 21, 2014.
[5] 1871-1873: 1871 – Catherine Batchelor – Lockport, Indiana;  1871 – Lydia Sherman – New Brunswick, New Jersey; New Haven & Danby, Ct.; 1871 – Elizabeth Wharton – Baltimore, Maryland; 1872 – Charlotte Lamb – Trimbelle, Wisconsin; 1872 – Emily Lloyd – Leesburg, Virginia; 1872 – Martha Whetstone – St. Louis, Missouri; 1873 Kate & Katie Bender (“Bloody Benders”) – Cherry Vale, Kansas; 1873 – Sarah Earhardt  – Germantown, Ohio; see: Female Serial Killers of 19th Century America
[6] 1925 female serial killers in the USA: Anna Cunningham – Chicago, Illinois; Helen Geisen-Volk – New York, New York; Pearl Jackson – Birmingham, Alabama; Julia Shepherd – Chicago, Illinois; Della Sorenson – Dannenborg, Nebraska; Birdie Strome – Springfield, Ohio; Alsa Thompson – Hollywood, California; Martha Wise – Valley City, Ohio.
Della Sorenson quote: [“Gave Poison To Children And Husband - Nebraska Mother Admits Long List of Crimes to Police Following Arrest - Killed Mother-In-Law Slayer Mentally Unbalanced and Will Be Sent to State Asylum,” syndicated (AP), The Bismark Tribune (N.D.), Apr. 20, 1925, p. 1]
[8] Monster, 2003, directed by Patty Jenkins Charlize Theron playing Wuornos, Academy Award for Best Actress.
[9] Winona Green (Winnie Ola Freeman) – “Outlaw Blood Made This Choir-Girl A Demon! - Alienists See in Her Self- Confessed Slaying of Two Relatives a ‘Throwback’ to Weird ‘ Indian Tribal Vengeance,” syndicated, Springfield Republican (Mo.), Dec. 28, 1924, (p. ?). See: Winnie Ola Freeman (Winona Green), “The Cat Woman”: Arkansas Serial Killer - 1954
[10] Winona Green (Winnie Ola Freeman), quote: [“Girl Who Killed Two Thinks Her Sex Will Save Her From Death,” syndicated (NEA), Nov. 1, 1924, p. 1]
[11] Maria Oliviero; Inessa Tarverdiyeva; see: “Female Serial Killer Bandits”
[12] poison deaths – Harold Schechter, The Serial Killer Files, Ballantine, 2003, p. 31
[13] Female Serial Killers: Weapons, Poisons & Methods
[14] Halliday images: 1) 2) “Screaming she sank …” Ada Evening News (Indian Territory, Ok.), Nov. 5, 1906, syndicated, found in other papers as well; “She Began Stabbing …” The Bryant Democrat (Ohio), Nov. 2, 1906, p. 6, syndicated, found in other papers as well.
[15] The Dirty Dozen: 12 Female Serial Killers Executed in the USA – 1816-2002
Female Serial Killers Executed
[16] FBI conference: Aug. 29 – Sep. 2, 2005 in San Antonio, Texas; report: Robert J. Morton, editor,  Serial Murder: Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives for Investigators, National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime, U. S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2008, (corporate author), National Ctr for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC) United States of America;
For a critique of the FBI report, see: Robert St. Estepohe, “Monsters Too Scary for Words,” Sep. 7, 2915, Female Serial Killer Index (blog),
[17] “Rarity” statistics, ratio pf male to female at 1:6 – Eric W. Hickey, Serial Murderers and Their Victims, (Wadsworth), 1991; 6th edn. 2015
[18] US cases; 330 cases 1829-2008; see: Female Serial Killers of the USA
[19] the longest roster of FSKs: Peter Vronsky, Female Serial Killers: How and Why Women Become Monsters, 2007, Berkley Books, N.Y.; see:  Index: FSKs
[20] Patricia Pearson, When She was Bad: Violent Women and the Myth of Innocence, Viking, 1997.
[21] Jane Toppan: see the superb book on the case by Harold Schechter, Fatal: The Poisonous Life of a Serial Killer, 2003, Pocket Star Books.
“Jane Toppan, Massachusetts Serial Killer Nurse – 1901”
[22] Martha Grinder – “Martha Grinder, Pittsburg Serial Killer Executed in 1866”
[“Martha Grinder, Arch Murderess Of Pittsburg – Women Who Poisoned Men, Woman and Children for Pleasure of Witnessing Their Dying Torments, Hanged – Monomaniac Carried Death In Her Pocket,” The Pittsburgh Press (Pa.), Nov. 15, 1910, p. 5]
[23] “BejaranGuadalupe Martinez de Bejarano, Sadistic Sexual Female Serial Killer of Girls – 1892”
[Wikipedia in Spanish; newspaper: [‘A Female Fiend. – Remarkable Career of a Mexican Woman Who Loved Young Girls. – Every Form of Torment Visited Upon Helpless Orphans. – The Widow Bejarano and Her Strange Passion – Tortures Young Girls Just For the Fun if the Thing – Her Sons Partake of Her Cruel Spirit – A Celebrated Case.’ St. Louis Dispatch (Mo.), Apr. 24, 1892, p. 25]
[24] Bathory – “The Blood Countess,” Hungarian Serial Killer & Sadist Elizabeth Báthory - 1610
[25] Anna Zwanziger – Harold Schechter, The A to Z Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, Ballantine, New York, 1996, p. 122.
Anna Zwanziger (Nannette Schoenleben), German Serial Killer – 1809”
[26] “Hélène Jégado, French Serial Killer – 1851”
[27] “Martha Rendell, Australian Serial Killer Step-Mother – 1909”
[28] “Antoinette Sierri, French Serial Killer Nurse – 1925” (the nale is often, erroneously, spelled “Scieri and “Scierri”)
[“Poisoned Her Patients - The Guillotine Now Awaits Antoinette, the French Nurse, Who Couldn’t Resist Mixing Arsenic in the Medicines as She Hurried 30 Victims to Their Graves,” The American Weekly (San Antonio Light) (Tx.), Jun. 6, 1926, p. 7] [“Poisoned Victims to Watch Them Squirm,” Prescott Evening Courier (Az.), May 29, 1925, p. 1]
[28A] 2016 – Juana “La Peque Sicaria” – Baja California, Mexico
[29] Ogresses – “Ogresses: Female Serial Killers of the Children of Others”
Cannibals – “Cannibal Murderesses”
Occult – “Occult Female Serial Killers”
Baby Burners – “The Baby Burners: Female Serial Killers Who Burned Babies Alive”
[30] “Mary Bell, 11-Year-Old Serial Killer, England – 1968”
[31] “Mary Maher, 11-Year Old Irish Serial Killer – 1906”
[“11-Year-Old Murderess. – Irish Child Kills Three Of Her Sisters. - Sensational Revelations.” Evening News (Sydney, Australia), Jan. 10, 1907, p. 2]
[32] Martha Whetstone – “Martha Whetstone, 16-Year-Old Serial Killer – Missouri, 1872”
[“Mysterious Fatality. – The Singular Deaths of Four Children – An Unlucky Nurse Girl.” (from: St. Louis Times), Wilmington Journal (North Carolina), Aug. 2, 1872, p. 2]
[“A Fatal Nurse Girl.” The New York Times (N. Y.), Jul. 29, 1872, p. 4]
[33]Henrietta Weibel, aged 15, "The Baby Burner" - New York, 1874”
[“A Young Murderess,” The Singleton Argus and Upper Hunter General Advocate (NSW, Australia), Sep. 30, 1874, p. 3] [“Henrietta Weibel, The Child Burner.” (reprinted from, New York Sun, Aug. 3), The Evening Star (Washington, D. C.), Aug. 4, 1874, p. 1] [“The Baby Burner. – The Heartless Domestic, Henrietta Weibel. – A Strange Story of Precocious Iniquity. – An Attempt to Burn Her Next Door Neighbor’s Child.” New York Herald (N.Y.), Aug. 5, 1874, p. 4] [“A Fiendish Girl. – A Child of Thirteen with a Mania for Baby Burning – The Mother’s Testimony – An Interview With the Youthful Prisoner.” (from New York Herald), The Atlanta Constitution (Ga.), Aug. 5, 1874, p. 2]
[34] Bottoms –  [“Another Demon – Kentucky Produces a Veritable Female Jesse Pomeroy, – Who Chuckled With Glee After Murdering Her Baby Sister. – She Says She Is Glad She Killed the Infant, and Wants a Chance to Butcher Some More – Community Horror-Stricken Over the Deed.” Public Ledger (Maysville, Ky.), Jun. 24, 1892, p. 3]
[35] “Ella Holdridge, Funeral-Loving Teenage Serial Killer from Tonawanda, New York – 1892” 
[“She Murdered For Fun. – The Morbid Passion of A Child Leads Her to Crime.” The Philadelphia Record (Pa.), Jul. 21, 1892, p. 7] [“A Pair of Juvenile Fiends.” The Tuapeka Times (Lawrence, New Zealand), Nov. 2, 1892, p. 5] [“They Looked Nice Dead. – Little Girl Near Buffalo Liked Funerals. - For This Reason She Gave Seven-Year-Old Louisa Stermer Poison. - She Was Not Suspected Till Many Children Were at Death’s Door.” The Boston Daily Globe (Ma.), Jul. 20, 1892, p. 4] [“Young Borgia. - She Had a Morbid Desire to Attend Funerals. - To Gratify Her Whim She Poisons Her Playmates. - She Feeds Them on Rough on Rats and When One of Them Resisted She Rammed the Deadly Stuff Down Her Throat - Horrible Crime.” Daily Public Ledger (Maysville, Ky.), Jul. 20, 1892, p. 3]
[36] Annabell of Fairfield County, South Carolina. – [“Negro Girl’s Crimes.” The Topeka Daily Capital (Ka.), Jul. 21, 1895, p. 1]
[37] “Alsa Thompson, the “Baby Borgia” – Los Angeles: 1925”
[38] Alsa Thompson quote: “Child Admits Killing Twins – Seven Year Old Girl Said to Have Confessed to Poisoning Sisters,” The Oregon Statesman (Portland, Or.), Feb. 4, 1925, p. 1; R. St. E. note: Not too many days after the story first broke, making national front page news, however, the papers carried the story of how little Alsa had recanted her confessions. My close examination of all the reports leads me to believe, and against my original opinion, that the evidence strongly points to guilt (at least, at a bare minimum, with regard to the razor attacks and poisonings not resulting in human death) and that the recantation stories seem to be mere official expediency. After all, what can the cops and the alienists reasonably do with a 7-year-old murderess except to try to make her get better?
[39] “Serial Killer Girls” – includes over 20 cases.
[40] Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson, (1990), p. 247.
[41] [“Suspected of Whitechapel Crimes.” The Huntington Weekly Herald (In.), Dec. 29, 1893, p. 7]
[42] Tamara Samsonova, Russian Serial Killer Who Dismembered Her Victims – 2015”
[43] Processes Explaining the Concealment and Distortion of Evidence on Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence,” European Journal on Criminal Policy, published online 14 July 2007). Method 1. Suppress Evidence; Method 2. Avoid Obtaining Data Inconsistent with the Patriarchal Dominance Theory; Method 3. Cite Only Studies That Show Male Perpetration; Method 4. Conclude That Results Support Feminist Beliefs When They Do Not; Method 5. Create “Evidence” by Citation; Method 6. Obstruct Publication of Articles and Obstruct Funding Research That Might, Contradict the Idea that Male Dominance Is the Cause of PV; Method 7. Harass, Threaten, and Penalize Researchers Who Produce Evidence That Contradicts Feminist Beliefs.
[44] “inherently non-violent” – “In response to the construction of ‘the lesbian’ as abnormal and deviant, many Western lesbian-feminists in the 1970s (and some continuing in the 1980s and 1990s) (largely middle-class and white, although not exclusively) constructed notions of ‘lesbian utopia’, based on the assumption that women are inherently non-violent, caring and gentle, and that all lesbian relationships are based on an equal sharing of power. While this was not a monolithic or stable discourse (Ross, 1995), it has continued to influence the conceptualization and formation of lesbian identities and relationships as the polar opposite to the pathological construction (Taylor & Chandler, 1995; Ristock, 1997). The lesbian utopia discourse constructed a ‘normal’ lesbian as a strong woman engaged in healthy, stable, conflict-free, woman-loving-woman relationships. This has the effect of masking power relations and violence between women and works to keep systems of domination intact by reproducing the binary constrict of the normal/abnormal. As a result of this investment in a model of gender-based oppression and the construct of lesbian utopia, many women feel that they will not be believed when they disclose or report same-sex abuse. …’ [p. 12, Cindy Hoimes, The Politics Of Naming The Violence: Examining Constructions Of ‘Lesbian Abuse’ In Community-Based Educational Discourses,’ Masters thesis, Sociology, University of Toronto, Ontario, 2000]
[45] Murray Straus,  PhD, “Thirty Years of Denying the Evidence on Gender Symmetry in Partner Violence: Implications for Prevention and Treatment,” Partner Abuse Journal, June 2010. [46] “Elena Lobacheva, Sexual Sadist Serial Killer – Russia 2015”
[47] “Serial Killer Girls” – includes over 20 cases.
“Youthful Borgias: Girls Who Murder – The Forgotten “Lizzie Bordens.”
List of youngest murderesses from the “Youthful Borgias” collection which includes 148 (as of the moment) cases:
Age 3 – 1906 – Ziapasa daughter
Age 4 – 1885 – Lizzie Lewis
Age 4 – 1897 – Retta McCabe
Age 6 – 1892 – Bottoms Girl
Age 6 – 1899 – Lizzie Cook
Age 7 – 1887 – Virginia Hudson
Age 7 – 1925 – Alsa Thompson
Age 8 – 1867 – Martin Girl
Age 8 – 2001 – Jummai Hassan
Age 8 – 1900 – Valentine Dilly
Age 9 – 1885 – Mary Cooper
Age 9 – 1884 – Annie Beebles
Age 9 – 1890 – Eleanor O’Neill
Age 9 – 1902 – Anna Peters
Age 9 – 1896 – Hattie Record
Age 9 – 2005 – “East New York girl”
Age 10 –1873 – Sarah Reeves
Age 10 – 1897 – Geneva Arnold
Age 10 – 1886 – Jane Walker
Age 10 – 2010 –  “Sandy Springs girl”
Age 10 – 2012 – Kelli Murphy
[48] See the ongoing series, “The Fiamengo Files,” from StudioBrulé on YouTube;.
Erin Pizzey on Wikipedia,